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耿海将,刘香兰,孙海涛. 煤炭科技型企业重大科技项目绩效评价方法研究[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2023,51(S1):150−161. doi: 10.13199/j.cnki.cst.2023-0249
引用本文: 耿海将,刘香兰,孙海涛. 煤炭科技型企业重大科技项目绩效评价方法研究[J]. 煤炭科学技术,2023,51(S1):150−161. doi: 10.13199/j.cnki.cst.2023-0249
GENG Haijiang,LIU Xianglan,SUN Haitao. Research on performance evaluation method of major science and technology projects in coal science and technology enterprises[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2023,51(S1):150−161. doi: 10.13199/j.cnki.cst.2023-0249
Citation: GENG Haijiang,LIU Xianglan,SUN Haitao. Research on performance evaluation method of major science and technology projects in coal science and technology enterprises[J]. Coal Science and Technology,2023,51(S1):150−161. doi: 10.13199/j.cnki.cst.2023-0249

煤炭科技型企业重大科技项目绩效评价方法研究

Research on performance evaluation method of major science and technology projects in coal science and technology enterprises

  • 摘要: 科研项目绩效评价是科技计划管理的重要环节,是科技计划动态调整、完善和优化布局及管理等的重要依据。目前,我国分类科技项目绩效评估体系尚不成熟,存在过度追求量化指标、依赖外部评价指标等问题。科技项目绩效评估工作的研究和实践仍从宏观管理视角出发,其评价侧重与小样本条件下企业科技项目管理的绩效评价需求存在一定的差异,形成的绩效评价方法也并不能完全契合科技型企业的管理需要。如何构建满足重大科技项目绩效需求,兼顾提升企业创新能力的项目绩效评价体系,成为当前科研项目绩效评价亟需解决的关键问题。通过选取煤炭科技企业X研究院有限公司1996—2021年所承担的国家级、省部级以及集团自设科研项目作为研究样本,采用同行评议、层次分析和数据包络分析等研究方法,明确了重大科技项目绩效评价内容,形成了评价体系待选指标集,构建了适应煤炭科技企业重大项目管理的绩效评价指标体系,建立了煤炭科技型企业重大科技项目绩效评价判别模型。将上述研究成果在研究对象所承担的2016—2019年重大科技项目绩效评价中进行了实证及迭代分析应用,评价结果与项目绩效产出情况相吻合。

     

    Abstract: The performance evaluation of scientific research projects is an important link in the management of scientific and technological plans, and an important basis for the dynamic adjustment, improvement and optimization of the layout and management of scientific and technological plans. At present, the performance evaluation system of my country's classified science and technology projects is still immature, and there are problems such as excessive pursuit of quantitative indicators and reliance on external evaluation indicators. The research and practice of performance evaluation of science and technology projects still start from the perspective of macro management. There is a certain difference between the evaluation emphasis and the performance evaluation needs of enterprise science and technology project management under the condition of small sample size, and the performance evaluation methods formed cannot fully meet the requirements of science and technology enterprises. management needs. How to build a project performance evaluation system that meets the performance needs of major scientific and technological projects and takes into account the improvement of enterprise innovation capabilities has become a key issue that needs to be solved urgently in the performance evaluation of current scientific research projects. By selecting the national-level, provincial-level and group-owned scientific research projects undertaken by X Research Institute Co., Ltd., a coal technology enterprise, from 1996 to 2021 as research samples, and using research methods such as peer review, hierarchical analysis and data envelopment analysis, it is clarified The content of performance evaluation of major scientific and technological projects has formed a set of candidate indicators for the evaluation system, constructed a performance evaluation index system suitable for the management of major projects of coal science and technology enterprises, and established a performance evaluation and discrimination model for major scientific and technological projects of coal science and technology enterprises. The above research results have been applied in empirical and iterative analysis in the performance evaluation of major scientific and technological projects undertaken by the research object from 2016 to 2019, and the evaluation results are consistent with the project performance output.

     

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