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刘贞智,刘 萍,罗 畅,等. 沿空留巷巷旁复合充填体分层材料优选分析[J]. 煤炭科学技术,xxxx,xx(x): x−xx. doi: 10.12438/cst.2023-0892
引用本文: 刘贞智,刘 萍,罗 畅,等. 沿空留巷巷旁复合充填体分层材料优选分析[J]. 煤炭科学技术,xxxx,xx(x): x−xx. doi: 10.12438/cst.2023-0892
LIU Zhenzhi,LIU Ping,LUO Chang,et al. Optimization analysis of layered materials of composite filling body beside gob-side entry retaining[J]. Coal Science and Technology,xxxx,xx(x): x−xx. doi: 10.12438/cst.2023-0892
Citation: LIU Zhenzhi,LIU Ping,LUO Chang,et al. Optimization analysis of layered materials of composite filling body beside gob-side entry retaining[J]. Coal Science and Technology,xxxx,xx(x): x−xx. doi: 10.12438/cst.2023-0892

沿空留巷巷旁复合充填体分层材料优选分析

Optimization analysis of layered materials of composite filling body beside gob-side entry retaining

  • 摘要: 沿空留巷巷旁充填体分为让压层和抗压层,让压层材料应具有大变形的特性,减缓基本顶岩梁的剧烈活动;抗压层材料应具有强度高、刚性大等特点,柔性让压之后实现对上覆岩梁的有效控制。因此对让压层和抗压层材料的不同配比进行力学特性分析,并通过电镜扫描(SEM)对让压层和抗压层的对照组和优化组进行微观结构分析,最后对让压层和抗压层的最优配比进行组合试验。研究结果表明:让压层材料的最优配比为,水灰比1.5∶1,发泡剂掺量0.06%,纤维掺量0.2%;优化组28 d时抗压强度达到了8.84 MPa;不同期龄下的应变力,优化组为对照组的1.8~2.6倍。抗压层材料配比中细矸率为40%,料浆质量浓度78%,水泥掺量为20%时为最优,其平均抗压强度为13.21 MPa,抗拉强度为0.97 MPa,弹性模量为0.75 GPa,内摩擦角为26°,黏聚力为2.85 MPa;该配比下的充填体随着水泥掺量的增加后期强度逐渐增长。组合试件中让压层占比10%~20%时,具有较好的让压能力,也具有一定的关键承载能力。研究结果为沿空留巷巷旁充填体材料配比提供参考。

     

    Abstract: Along the hollow stay lane roadside filling body is divided into letting pressure layer and compression layer, letting pressure layer material should have the characteristics of large deformation, slow down the violent activities of the basic roof rock beam. The compressive layer material should be characterised by high strength and rigidity, and effective control of the overlying rock beams should be achieved after flexible letting pressure. Therefore, this paper analyzes the mechanical properties of different ratios of yield layer and compressive layer materials, and analyzes the microstructure of the control group and optimization group of yield layer and compressive layer by scanning electron microscope ( SEM ). Finally, the optimal ratio of yield layer and compressive layer is tested. The results of the study showed that the optimum ratio of the material for letting the compaction layer was 1.5:1 for the water-cement ratio, 0.06% for the blowing agent dosage and 0.2% for the fibre dosage. The compressive strength of the optimised group reached 8.84Mpa at 28d. Strain at different ages was 1.8 to 2.6 times higher in the optimised group than in the control group. The compressive layer material ratio of 40% fine gangue rate, slurry mass concentration of 78%, cement dosage of 20% is optimal, the average compressive strength of 13.21MPa, tensile strength of 0.97MPa, modulus of elasticity of 0.75GPa, the angle of internal friction of 26 °, cohesion of 2.85MPa. The filler at this ratio showed a gradual increase in strength with the increase in cement dosage in the later stages. When the yield layer accounts for 10 % -20 % of the composite specimen, it has good yield capacity and certain key bearing capacity. The research results provide a reference for the material ratio of roadside filling body in gob-side entry retaining.

     

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